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Azure vase sponge
Callyspongia plicifera
(Lamarck, 1814)

Vase-shaped or tubaeform with the outer surface characteristically provided with an elaborate system of meandering grooves and/or rounded pits. Terminal vent somewhat constricted, with a transparent, thin collar. Vases mostly solitary, but occasionally there are small side-tubes. Inner walls smooth, somewhat ridged lengthwise, with scattered oscules, 1-5 mm in diameter. Longitudinal fibrofascicles stand out clearly on the inner wall and collar (C. plicifera-young sponge). Vases up to 27 cm in height, 13.5 cm in diameter; vents up to 6.5 cm in diameter. Pits and grooves 0.5-1 cm in depth, 0.5-1.5 cm in diameter. Very spongy in consistency.

Pink to purple and fluoresces light blue.

Inhabit coral reefs, most commonly grow on walls. Often associated with Sponge brittle stars (Ophiothrix suensonii ).

Occasional in South Florida and Bahamas; common to occasional in the Caribbean.

Azure vase sponge (Callyspongia plicifera)