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Latreille, 1829

(Monotypic, thus generic description repeated)
Carapace pyriform, dorsally smooth; upper orbit with a postorbital spine against which the eyestalk retracts. Eyestalks long and curved. Distal margin of basal antennal article extending beyond anterior margin of eyestalk, green (antennal) gland distinct and more or less distant from junction of basal antennal article and epistome. Third maxilliped with merus narrower than ischium. Chelipeds shorter than any of the ambulatory legs, carpus about half as long as merus, palm only a little longer than carpus, fingers slender, slightly incurved. Joints of ambulatory legs cylindrical. (Türkay 1995)

Type locality: unknown.
Range: Red Sea (Klunzinger, 1906); Gulf of Aqaba - Elat (Griffin & Tranter, 1974); Mozambique - Delagoa Bay (Barnard, 1950); South Africa - Durban (Stebbing, 1918); Madagascar - Nosy Bé (Griffin, 1974); Mauritius (Bouvier, 1915b, Michel, 1964, Griffin & Tranter, 1986a); Pakistan - Karachi (Tirmizi & Kazmi, 1991); Sri Lanka (Alcock, 1895a); Chagos Archipelago; Andamans (Alcock, 1895a); Nicobar Islands (Griffin & Tranter, 1986a); West Malay Peninsula - south-east corner Goh Similan Island (Griffin & Tranter, 1986a); Cocos Islands (Alcock, 1895a); Christmas Island (Griffin & Tranter, 1986a); Japan - Amami-Oshima (Stimpson, 1907), Shimoda (Sakai, 1935), Ajiro, Shimoda, Nanki Shirahama, Gobo and Nagasaki (Sakai, 1938a), Sagami Bay (Sakai, 1965b), Sagami Bay, Shimoda, Wagu, Kii Nagashima, Kushimoto, Kii Minabe, Hachijo-jima, Ogasawara-shoto, Amami-shoto, and Okinawa (Sakai, 1976a), Kushimoto (Miyake, 1983), Wagu, Kii Nagashima, Gobo, Kii Minabe, Nanki Shirahama, and Mimase, Tosa Bay (Muraoka, 1998); Taiwan; China - Paracel Island (Dai et al., 1978, Chen, 1980, Dai & Yang, 1991); Palau (Takeda, 1973d); Indonesia - Ambon (de Man, 1887d), Java Sea and Ambon (Griffin & Tranter, 1986a); Australia; Lord Howe Island (Griffin & Tranter, 1986a); Samoa (Alcock, 1895a, Griffin & Tranter, 1986a); 10-50 m.

Decorator crab (Camposcia retusa)