Home|Search|Identify|Taxonomic tree|Quiz|About this site|Feedback
Developed by ETI BioInformatics
Characteristics, distribution and ecology
Taxonomische classification
Synonyms and common names
Literature references
Images, audio and video
Links to other Web sites

Author: Linnaeus, 1758

Dentex (Dentex) dentex Linnaeus, 1758

Diagnosis: upper profile of head regularly convex in adults, almost straight in the young. Slight hump at forehead in the oldest specimens. Gillrakers 9-10 lower, 8-9 upper. D XI + 11-12; A III + 7-9. Length of dorsal spines increasing to fourth or fifth then subequal. Lateral line scales 62-68 to caudal base. Colour: young greyish, dorsally blackspotted, pinkish at maturity, grey-blue in the oldest specimens; dorsal spots more or less shaded with age. Size: to 100 cm SL, usually 35-50 cm.

Habitat: inshore waters on rocky bottoms to 200 m, more common between 15 and 50 m. Young gregarious, the oldest solitary. Food: carnivorous (fish, molluscs). Reproduction: May (Mediterranean); gonochoric, some specimens hermaphroditic.

Distribution: Mediterranean, most common south of 40° N (Spain, North Africa); Black Sea (very rare); Atlantic from Bay of Biscay to Cape Blanc and Madeira, exceptionally to British Isles. Elsewhere, southward to Senegal.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Holt, 1899: 714 | Lo Bianco, 1909: 714 | Ranzi, 1930: 407-416; 1933: 333, pl. 22 (fig. 1-4) | de Gaetani, 1938: 1-8, 7 fig. | Vodjanitzki & Kazanova, 1954: 266, fig. 18.
Otoliths (sagitta). Sanz Echeverría, 1926: 152, fig. 35-36;1929: 75, pl. 5 (fig. 10-11) | Chaine, 1937: 49, pl. 5.

Common dentex (Dentex dentex)