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Status in World Register of Marine Species

Accepted name: Anguilla anguilla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Scientific synonyms and common names

Anguilla anguilla Linnaeus, 1758

Synonyms:

Muraena anguilla Linnaeus, 1758, Syst. Nat...., ed. X: 245 ('Habitat in Europa'). Type lost.
Muraena anguilla: Lacepède, 1800, 2: 226 Schneider in Bl. Schn., 1801: 486 Risso, 1810: 89 Pallas, 1811, 3: 71 Ekstrøm, 1831: 285 Nilsson, 1855: 661 Gronovius, 1864: 18 Fowler, 1936: 262, 1208 Lozano Rey, 1947: 503, fig. 157-163.
Anguilla vulgaris Shaw, 1803, Gen. Zool...., 4: 15, tab. 1, a subjective synonym of Muraena anguilla Linnaeus.
Anguilla vulgaris: Turton, 1807: 87 Cuvier, 1817 2: 231 Yarrell, 1836, 1: 381 Drewsen, 1837, 1: 21 Bonaparte, 1845: no. 316 Costa, 1850: 52, pl. 55, 59 (fig. 1a-b) Canestrini, 1866: 177 Günther, 1870, 8: 28 Schlegel 1870: 87, pl. 9 (fig. 1) Canestrini, 1872: 29, 197 Baader, 1875: 182 Moreau 1881, 3: 560 Day, 1883, 2: 241, pl. 142 (fig. 1) Carus, 1893: 540 La Motte, 1893-1894: 113-173 Acloque, 1897: 355; 1898: 71 Breemen, 1906: 161, 182 Schmidt, 1906a: 137, 267; 1906b: 265; 1909a: 1-45; 1910: 511 Ehrenbaum, 1911: 4 Schmidt, 1911b: 374; 1912a: 633; 1912b: 317; 1912c: 216; 1914: 19; 1922: 179; 1923: 1-40; 1925: 279 Ehrenbaum, 1930b: 159 Ancona, 1930: pl. 129 (fig. 1-2) Schmidt, 1932a: 1-6 Soljan, 1948: 124 Dieuzeide et al., 1954: 87.
Anguilla acutirostris Risso, 1826, Hist. nat. Eur. mér...., 3: 198 ('Environs de Nice, mares et ruisseaux'). Type lost.
Anguilla rnediorostris Risso, 1826, Hist. nat. Eur. mér...., 3: 199 ('eaux stagnantes'). Type lost.
Anguilla latirostris Risso, 1826, Hist. nat. Eur. mér...., 3: 199 ('eaux saumatres'). Type lost.
Anguilla fluviatilis Anslijn, 1828, Syst. Beschr. der.... Visschen, 4: 226.
Muraena platyrhina Ekström, 1831, K. svenska Vetensk Akad. Handl.: 287.
Muraena oxyrhina Ekström, 1831, ibid.: 287.
Anguilla var. macrocephala de la Pylaie, 1835, Congr. sci. Fr., 1834: 529.
Anguilla var. ornithoryncha de la Pylaie, 1835, Congr. sci. Fr., 1834: 529.
Anguilla var. oxycephala de la Pylaie, 1835, Congr. sci. Fr., 1834: 529.
Anguilla var. platyura de la Pylaie, 1835, Congr. sci. Fr., 1834: 529.
Anguilla latirostris: Jenyns, 1835a: 414 Lowe, 1841, 2: 191 Selys-Longchamps, 1842: 225 Bonaparte, 1845: no. 317 Kaup, 1856b: 32, fig. 26 Yarrell, 1839,1: 62 Couch, 1865, 4: 330 Blanchard, 1866: 495, fig. 130 Günther, 1870, 8: 32 Carus, 1893: 540.
Anguilla canariensis Valenciennes in Webb & Berthelot, 1843, Hist. nat. Canaries: 88, pl. 20 (fig. 1); ('Canaries'). Syntypes: MNHN no. 3783 (1 ex.), 3784 (3 ex.).
Anguilla acutirostris: Selys-Longchamps, 1842: 225 Costa, 1850: 51, pl. 55, 59 (fig. 4, 5a-b) Kaup, 1856: 39, fig. 27 Yarrell, 1859,1: 44 Couch, 1865, 4: 326 Blanchard, 1866: 497, fig. 132.
Anguilla cloacina Bonaparte, 1845, Cat. meth. Pesci. Europ.: 38.
Anguilla septembrina Bonaparte, 1845, Cat. meth. Pesci. Europ.: 38.
Anguilla migratoria Krøyer, 1849, Danmarks Fiske: 616. Type lost.
Anguilla platyrhynchus Costa, 1850, Fauna Napoli . . ., fasc. 65-68: 50, pl. 58, 60 (fig. 3a-b) ('Napoli').
Anguilla callensis Guichenot, 1850, Expl. Algérie . . ., 5: 111, pl. 7 (fig. 1). Syntypes: MNHN no. 3160 (5 ex.), 3220 (1 ex.), 3774 (4 ex.).
Anguilla ancidda Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 37, fig. 22 ('Sicily'). Syntypes: MNHN no. 3767 (1 ex.), 3780 (1 ex.).
Anguilla altirostris Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 37, fig. 24 ('mouth of the Seine'). Type: MNHN no. 3768 (1 ex.).
Anguilla platycephala Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 38, fig. 25 ('Abbeville'). Syntypes: MNHN no. 3210 (1 ex.), 5707 (5 ex.).
Anguilla nilotica Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 40, fig. 28 ('Nile'). Syntype: MNHN no. 3769 (1 ex.), 3770 (1 ex.), 3771(1 ex.).
Anguilla aegyptiaca Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 40 ('Mle'). Syntype: MNHN no. 3772 (1 ex.), 3773 (1 ex.).
Anguilla capitone (Val. Ms) Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 34, fig. 17 ('Naples'). Type: MNHN no. 3762 (1 ex.).
Anguilla morena (Val. Ms) Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 35, fig. 18 ('Naples'). Type: MNHN no. 3763 (1 ex.).
Anguilla melanochir (Val. Ms) Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 35, fig. 19 ('Riv. Tiber'). Type: MNHN no. 3764 (1 ex.).
Anguilla kieneri Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 32, fig. 15 ('Toulon'). Type: MNHN no. 3757 (1 ex.).
Anguilla cuvieri Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 33 ('Abbeville'). Syntypes: MNHN no. 3758 (2 ex.), 3759 (7 ex.).
Anguilla bibroni Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 33, fig. 16 ('Sicily'). Syntypes: MNHN no. 3760 (1 ex.), 3779 (3 ex.).
Anguilla savignyi Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 34 ('Naples'). Type: MNHN no. 3731 (1 ex.).
Anguilla marginata Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 36, fig. 20 ('Valentia, Spain'). Type: MNHN no. 3765 (1 ex.).
Anguilla microptera Kaup, 1856, Cat. Apod.: 36, fig. 21 ('Bay of Algesiras'). Type: MNHN no. 3766 (1 ex.).
Anguilla mediorostris: Kaup, 1856: 37, fig. 23 Blanchard, 1866: 496, fig. 131.
Anguilla callensis: Kaup, 1856: 41.
Anguilla eurystoma Heckel & Kner, 1858, Die Süsswasserfische Österreich.: 325, fig. 168 ('Dalmatia').
Anguillafluviatilis: Heckel & Kner, 1858: 319, fig. 167.
Anguilla hibernica Couch, 1865, Hist. Brit. Fish., 4: 328, pl. 235 ('North Sea').
Anguilla oblongirostris Blanchard, 1866, Poiss. eaux douces France: 496 ('riv. Huveaume (Marseille)'). Syntypes: MNHN no. 9985 (15 ex.).
Anguilla brevirostris Cisternas, 1877, An. Soc. esp. Hist. nat., Madrid, 6: 108 ('Valencia').
Anguilla anguilla: Vaillant, 1889: 31 Collett, 1896b: 152 Vaillant, 1898: 1429; 1919: 135 Pellegrin, 1921a: 158; 1921b: 271 Buen, 1926: 41, 164 Germain, 1927: 666, 678 Hovasse, 1927: 194 Ancona, 1939-1931: pl. 129 (fig. 1-2) Ekman, 1932: 85 Borodin, 1934: 108 Bertin, 1935c: 1-57 Nobre, 1935: 382 Athanassopoulos, 1937b: 2170 Roule, 1937a: 1-23; 1937b: 326 Ege, 1939: 90 Bertin, 1942: 1-218, fig. Roule, 1942: 167 Went, 1946: 248 Määr, 1947: 1-56 Poll, 1947: 160 Maul, 1948b: 144 Collins, 1954: 14 Andriashev, 1954: 132 Albuquerque, 1954-1956: 400 Dollfus, 1955: 108 Ancona, 1958: 731; 1959: 1405 Tucker, 1959a: 495; 1959b: 1406; 1959c: 1281 Postel, 1959-1960: 148-150 Ancona, 1960: 61 Duncker, 1960: 158 Tucker, 1960: 591 Soljan, 1963: 395 Zei, 1963: 517 Banarescu, 1964: 556, fig. 238 Drapkin, 1964: 140 Tesch, 1967: 2 Reinsch, 1968: 62 Wheeler, 1969: 227 Deelder, 1970: 1-68 Tortonese, 1970e: 307, fig. 123, 126-127.
Anguilla kieneri: Carus, 1893: 540.


Common names:

Aal [De]
aal [Da]
aal [No]
anguila [Es]
anguilla [It]
anguille [Fr]
capitone [It]
chéli [He]
common eel [En]
eel [En]
eiró [Pr]
enguia [Pr]
hancha [Ar]
hannash [Eg]
jegulja [Hr]
noune [Ar]
paling [Ne]
retschnoi ugor [R]
sallura [Mlt]
yilan [Tu]
zelofah [Iw]
aal [Ne]

Common eel (Anguilla anguilla)