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Antipa, G. 1906. Die Clupeiden des westlichen Teiles des Schwarzen Meeres und der Donaumündungen, Denkschr. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 78,1905 [1906] :1-57, 6 fig., 3 pl.

Banarescu, P. 1964. Pisces. Osteichthyes. Fauna Repub. pop. rom., Bucuresti, 13 :1-962, 402 fig.

Banarescu, P. 1964. Pisces. Osteichthyes. Fauna Repub. pop. rom., Bucuresti, 13 :1-962, 402 fig.

Berg, L. S. 1913. A Review of the Clupeoid Fishes of the Caspian Sea, with Remarks on the Herring-like Fishes of the Russian Empire, Ann. Mag. nat. Hisr., (8)11: 472-480.

Berg, L. S. 1913. A Review of the Clupeoid Fishes of the Caspian Sea, with Remarks on the Herring-like Fishes of the Russian Empire, Ann. Mag. nat. Hisr., (8)11: 472-480.

Berg, L. S. 1915. Predvaritel'nyi otchet o sel'dyakh, sobrannikh v Caspyiskom morye Caspyiscoy ekspeditziey 1913. Mater. pozn. russ. rybol., 4 (6): 3-8, 2 pl.

Berg, L. S. 1932-1933. Les poissons des eaux douces de l'U.R.S.S. et des pays limitrophes, ed. 3, Leningrad, 1, 1932: 554, fig. 1-474; 2, 1933: 545-903, fig. 475-762, map (in Russian).

Berg, L. S. 1948-1949. Ryby presnykh vod SSSR i sopredel'nykh stran, 4 ed., 1, Opred. pofaune SSSR, no. 27, 1948 :1-466, fig. 1-281; 2, ibid., no. 29, 1949: 467-925, fig. 282-674; 3, ibid., no. 30, 1949: 927-1382, fig. 675-946, map (in Russian).

Brauer, A. 1912. [Die Heringe (Clupeidae) des Schwarzen und Azowschen Meeres.] Trav. Soc. Nat. Amat. Sci. nat., Bessarabie, 2 (2) :115-134 (in Russian).

Eichwald, C. E. von 1838b. Faunae Caspii maris primitiae. Bull. soc. Nat. Moscou, 11(1) :125-147.

Grimm, O. 1901. Azovskye sel'di, Vestn. Ryboprom., 16 (2): 57-70 (in Russian).

Grimm, O. 1901. Azovskye sel'di, Vestn. Ryboprom., 16 (2): 57-70 (in Russian).

Issatschenko, W. 1925. Zur Erforschung der Heringe Genus Caspialosa des nordwestlichen Schwarzmeer-Bassins. Arb. All-Ukrain wissensch.-praktisch. Staats-Stat. Schwarzen und Asowschen Meeres, 1:103-131 (in Russian, with German Summary).

Issatschenko, W. 1925. Zur Erforschung der Heringe Genus Caspialosa des nordwestlichen Schwarzmeer-Bassins. Arb. All-Ukrain wissensch.-praktisch. Staats-Stat. Schwarzen und Asowschen Meeres, 1:103-131 (in Russian, with German Summary).

Kessler, K. 1874. Opisanie rib, prinadlezhastshikh semeystvam obstshim Chernomu i Caspyiskomu moryam. Trudy- leningr. Obshch. Estest., 5 (1) :131-324,1 pl. (in Russian).

Kryzanowsky, S. G. 1956. Materialy po razvitiu sel'devikh rib. Trudy Inst. Morf. Zhivot., 17: 255 p., 70 fig. (in Russian).

Majorowa, A. A. 1939. Classification du hareng gen. Caspialosa de la Mer Noire et de la Mer d'Azov. Trav. Stat. Piscic. Biol. Géorgie, 2: 9-49 (in Russian, with French summary).

Nikolsky, A. M. 1923b. Noviy vid sel'di iz Chernogo morya. Bull. Gos. Chernom.-Azovsk. nauchnoprom. opitn. st., (8-9): 46.

Svetovidov, A. N. 1943. [On the Clupeoid-fishes of the Caspian and the Black Seas (genera Caspialosa and Clupeonella) and on the conditions of their development]. Zool. Zh., 22 (4): 222-233 (in Russian, with English Summary).

Svetovidov, A. N. 1943. [On the Clupeoid-fishes of the Caspian and the Black Seas (genera Caspialosa and Clupeonella) and on the conditions of their development]. Zool. Zh., 22 (4): 222-233 (in Russian, with English Summary).

Svetovidov, A. N. 1952. [Clupeidae, Fauna U.S.S.R., Fishes], 2 (1): 331 p., 54 fig., 53 pl. (Engl. transl., Jerusalem, 1963: 374 p.).

Svetovidov, A. N. 1952. [Clupeidae, Fauna U.S.S.R., Fishes], 2 (1): 331 p., 54 fig., 53 pl. (Engl. transl., Jerusalem, 1963: 374 p.).

Svetovidov, A. N. 1964. Rîbî Chernogo Morya. [The fishes of the Black Sea]. Opred Faune SSSR, 86 :1-552, fig. 1-191 (in Russian).

Svetovidov, A. N. 1964. Rîbî Chernogo Morya. [The fishes of the Black Sea]. Opred Faune SSSR, 86 :1-552, fig. 1-191 (in Russian).

Vladimirov, V. J. 1955. Uslovya razmnozenia rib v Niznem Dnepre i Kakhovskoe gidrostroitel'stvo. Inst. Hydrob. Akad. Nauk Ukr. SSR: 147 p., 27 fig. (in Russian).

Pontic shad (Alosa pontica)