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Andersson, K. A., ed. 1942. Fiskar och fiske i Norden. 1, Fiskar och fiske i havet. Stockholm, xvi+540 pp., 83 col. pl., 230 fig. 2, Fiskar och Fiske i Sjör och Floder: pp. xvii-xxiv+541-1016, fig. 231-426, col. pl. 84-128. (New edition in 1954, 2: pp. 425-769, 190 fig., 42 col. pl.)

Cameron, J. 1959. The larval and post-larval stages of Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (Jourdain). J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K, 38 :17-25, pl. III.

Corbin, P. G. 1950. The occurrence of the smooth sand-eel, Gymnammodytes semisquamatus (Jourdain), in the Plymouth area, with notes on C. cicerelus (Rafinesque), and G. capensis (Barnard). J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K, 29: pp. 83-89.

Corbin, P. G.; Vati, V. 1949. The post-larval sand-eels (Ammodytidae) of the Celtic Sea and Plymouth area. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K, 28: pp. 287-312.

Day, F. 1880-1884. The Fishes of Great Britain and Ireland. London-Edinburgh, 2 vol., cxii+336 pp., 5 +7 fig., 92 pl. and 388 pp., 87 pl. 1880: 1(1): pp. 1-64, pl. I-XXVII; 1881: 1(2) (3): pp. 65-240, pl. XXVIII-LXVIII; 1882: 1(4): pp. 241-336, pl. LXIX-XCII; 2 (5): pp. 1-96, pl. XCIII-CXVI; 1883: 2 (6): pp. 97-176, pl. CXVII-CXXXII; 2 (7): pp. 177-272, pl. CXXXIII-CXLVIII; 1884: 2 (8): pp. 273-368, pl. CXLIX-CLXXIX.

Duncker, G.; Mohr, E. W. 1939. Revision der Ammodytidae. Mitt. zool Mus., Berlin, 24 (1): pp. 8-31.

Günther, A. 1862. Catalogue of the fishes in the British Museum. 4. Catalogue of the Acanthopterygii Pharyngognathi and Anacanthini in the collection of the British Museum. London, xxi+534 pp.

Jourdain, S. 1879. Sur les Ammodytes des côtes de la Manche. Rev. Sci. nat., Paris, (2)1: 203-210, pl. II.

Kändler, R. 1941. Untersuchungen über Fortpflanzung, Wachstum und Variabilität der Arten des Sandaals in Ost- und Nordsee, mit besonderer Berücksichtigung der Saisonrassen von Ammodytes tobianus L. Kiel Meeresforsch., 5 (1): 45-145.

Macer, C. T. 1965. The distribution of larval sand eels (Ammodytidae) in the southern North Sea. J. mar. biol. Ass. U.K., 45 :187-207.

Macer, C. T. 1966. Sand eels (Ammodytidae) in the south-western North Sea; their biology and fishery. Fish. Invest., Lond., (2) 24 (6) :1-55.

Macer, C. T. 1967. Ammodytidae. ICES, Fiches d'identification des Ïufs et larves de poissons. No. 2.

Moreau, E. 1881-1891. Histoire naturelle des poissons de la France, Paris, I, 1881: pp. I-VII+1-480, fig. 1-82; II, 1881: pp. 1-572, fig. 83-145; III, 1881: pp. 1-697, fig. 146-220; Suppl., 1891: pp. 1-144, fig. 221-227.

Poll, M. 1947. Poissons marins in Faune de Belgique. Bruxelles, 452 pp., 267 fig., 2 pl., 2 maps n. num. (inset).

Raitt, D. S. 1934. A preliminary account of the Sandeels of Scottish waters. J. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer, 9: 365-372.

Smitt, F. A. 1893-1895. (ed.) A history of Scandinavian fishes, Stockholm and Paris, Atlas, I, 1893, pl. i-xxvii.

Smooth sand-eel (Gymnammodytes semisquamatus)