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Bleeker, P. 1863. Mémoire sur les poissons de la côte de Guinée. Natuurk. Verh. holland Maatsch. Wet. Haarlem, (2)18: pp. 1-136, 28 pl.

Bowdich, T. E. 1825. Excursions in Madeira and Porto Santo during the autumn of 1823, while on his third voyage to Africa, London, xii+1-278, Xl pl.+57 fig. (10 n. num. pl.)+l pl. [Fishes of Madeira :121-125].

Cadenat, J. 1951. Poissons de mer du Sénégal, Initiations africaines, III, Inst. fr. Afr. noire, Dakar, 1950 [1951]: 345 pp., 241 fig.

Collignon, J. 1957. Sea perch (Otolithus) fishery. C.C.T.A./C.S.A. Symposium on oceanography and seafisheries on the West African coast. Luanda 21st-27th November 1957, Sea Fisheries I. Africa (57) O.C.W. 40. (Roneo report only.)

Collignon, J. 1959. La systématique des sciaenidés de l'Atlantique oriental. Bull. Inst. océanogr., Monaco, (1155): 1-11, with suppl. table.

Collignon, J. 1960. Contribution à la connaissance des Otolithus des côtes d'Afrique occidentale. Bull. Inst. Étud centrafr. (n.s.), (19-20): 55-94.

Fowler, H. W. 1936. The Marine Fishes of West Africa, based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition 1909-1915. Bull. am. Mus. nat. Hist., 70 (1), Jan. 21, 1936: pp. vii+1-606, fig. 1-275; (2), Nov. 18, 1936: pp. 607-1493, fig. 276-567.

Furnestin, J.; Dardignac, J.; Maurin, C.; Coupé, A.; Boutière, H. 1958. Données nouvelles sur les poissons du Maroc atlantique. Revue Trav. Inst. (scient. tech.) Pêch. marit., Paris, 22 (4): pp. 379-493, 1 pp. errata, 75 fig.

Longhurst, A. R. 1964a. Bionomics of the Sdaenidae of Tropical West Africa. J. Cons. perm. int. Explor. Mer, 29: 93-114.

Longhurst, A. R. 1964b. A study of the Nigerian trawl fishery. Bull. Inst. fr. Afr. noire, (A) 26: 686-700.

Poll, M. 1954. Poissons. IV. Téléostéens Acanthoptérygiens. Rés. Sci. Expéd. océanogr. belg. Eaux côt. afr. Atlant. Sud (1948-1949), 4 (3A): pp. 1-390, 107 fig., 9 pl.

Trewavas, E. 1962. A basis for classifying the sciaenid fishes of tropical West Africa. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (13) 5: pp. 167-176. Longhurst, A. R. 1969. Synopsis of biological data on West African croakers. Pseudotolithus typus, P. senegalensis, P. elongatus. FAO Fish Synopsis, 35 (rev. 1): 50 p., 9 fig.

Long-neck croaker (Pseudotolithus typus)