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Author: Lowe, 1839

Aphanopus carbo Lowe, 1839

Diagnosis: profile of head gently rising from tip of snout to dorsal fin origin; frontal ridges not elevated; nape flattened, without sagittal crest; lower hind margin of opercle convex. D XXXVIII-XLII + 53-57; A II + 44-48; P 12; V O (I in juveniles); spinous and soft portions of dorsal fin divided by notch, their bases subequal; second free spine before anal fin enlarged, dagger-like; external anal fin complete, its hinder rays better developed; pelvic fins absent in adults, of 1 spine in juveniles; caudal fin present, forked. Lateral line slowly descending from above gill opening to mediolateral position. Colour: coppery-black, with iridescent tint. Size: to 110 cm SL.

Habitat: oceanic benthopelagic on continental slope or underwater rises at about 200-1,600 m; juveniles mesopelagic. Migrating to midwater at night. Caught commercially with special deepwater lines off Madeira and, to a lesser extent, Portugal. Food: cephalopods, fishes, crustaceans. Reproduction: see family.

Distribution: eastern Atlantic, from Denmark Strait, Iceland and Norway (in northern waters only large-sized specimens) to Madeira and western North Africa. Elsewhere, known from many localities in Atlantic, Indian and Pacific Oceans.

Eggs, larvae and young stages. Maul, 1948c: 47-49, fig. 18 | Parin & Becker, 1972: 167-168.
Otoliths (sagitta). No data.

Black scabbard fish (Aphanopus carbo)