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Fowler, H. W. 1936. The Marine Fishes of West Africa, based on the collection of the American Museum Congo Expedition 1909-15. Bull. am. Mus. nat. Hist., 70 (1), Jan. 21, 1936: vii+606 p., fig. 1-275; (2), Nov. 18,1936: 607-1493, fig. 276-567.

Joubin, L. ed. 1929-1938. Faune ichthyologique de l'Atlantique nord. Cons. perm. Int. Expl. Mer, Copenhagen. Fiches faunistiques, 418 pl. (With systematic and alphabetic index by H. Blegvad, 1938.)

Leim, A. H.; Scott, W. B. 1966. Fishes of the Atlantic coast of Canada. Bull Fish. Res. Bd Can., (155): 485 p., many fig., unnumbered, 4 col. pl.

Lowe, R. T. 1839. A supplement to a synopsis of the Fishes of Madeira. Proc. Zool. Soc. London, 7: 76-92 (also publ. in Trans. zool. Soc. Lond., 1842, 3 (1): 1-20).

Maul, G. E. 1948a. Monografia dos peixes do Museu Municipal do Funchal. Ordem Isospondyli. Bolm. Mus. munic. Funchal, 3 (5): 5-41, 16 fig.

Maul, G. E. 1948c. Quatro peixes novos dos mares da Madeira. Bolm Mus. munic. Funchal 3 (6): 41-55, fig. 17-20.

Maul, G. E. 1949. Lista sistematica dos Peixes assinalados nos mares da Madeira, Funchal: 135-181.

Norman, J. R. 1939. Fishes. Sci. Rep. John Murray Exped., Lond , 7 (1): 116 p., 41 fig.

Nybelin, 0. 1942. In: K. A. Andersson, Fiskar och Fiske i Norden, 1: xvi+540 p., num. pl.

Parin, N. V.; Becker, V. E. 1972. [Materials on taxonomy and distribution of some trichiuroid fishes (Pisces, Trichiuroidae: Scombrolabracidae, Gempylidae and Trichiuridae). Trudy Inst. Okeanol., 93: 110-204, 28 fig. (in Russian, English summary).

Saemundsson, B. 1949. Marine Pisces. Zoology Iceland, Copenhagen and Reykjavik, 4 (72): 1-150.

Soot-Ryen, T. 1937. Aphanopus Schmidti Saemundsson, a fish new to the Norwegian fauna. Nyt Mag. Naturvid., 76: 237-243.

Templeman, W.; Squires, H. J. 1963. Three records of the black scabbardfish, Aphanopus carbo Lowe, from the canadian region of the Western Atlantic. J. Fish. Res. Bd Can., 20: 273-278.

Tucker, D. W. 1950. The biology of Aphanopus carbo Lowe. Rep. Challenger Soc., Lond., 3 (2): 26.

Tucker, D. W. 1956. Studies on the trichiuroid fishes. 3. A preliminary revision of the family Trichiuridae. Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist., Zool. 4 (3): 73-130, pl. 10, 23 fig.

Wheeler, A. 1969. The Fishes of the British Isles and North-West Europe. Macmillan, London, Melbourne and Toronto: i-xvii+1-163, 5+177 fig., +392 fig. (princ. sp.)+92 n. num. fig., 16 pl., maps.

Saemundsson, B. 1907. Zoologiske Meddelelser fra Island. X. Vidensk. Meddr dansk naturh. Foren., 59: 19-27, pl.

Black scabbard fish (Aphanopus carbo)