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Characteristics, distribution and ecology
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Von Martens, 1878

Lateral margin of carapace without teeth behind anterolateral tooth. Rostrum triangular, longer than wide; lateral margins with row of tubercles. Antennular plate without stridulating organ. Posterior margin of abdominal pleura evenly sinuously rounded, without a deep and sudden concavity near the top.

Type locality of P. gundlachi: "an der Küste von Cuba, bei Camaricoia östlich von Matanzas". Holotype female in ZMB no. 5833, in alcohol, condition excellent.
Type locality of Synaxes hybridica: "West Indies". Holotype female in NMI, dry but in reasonable condition (don. Sir F.L. McClintok).
Type locality of Phyllamphion reinhardti: "entre la Pointe orientale de la Guadeloupe (Pointe des Châteaux) et le petit archipel situé dans le sud-est connu sous le nom de Petite-Terre". Holotype larva in MOM, at present not located.

Geographical Distribution:
Western Atlantic: Bermuda, Bahama Islands, southern Florida, Yucatán, Caribbean Arc (Cuba to Barbados), Curaçao, N.E. Brazil (Pernambuco).

Habitat and Biology:
Depth range from 1.5 to 35 m; found in rather inaccessible places among rock and coral. Rather scarce.

Maximum total length about 15 cm.

Interest to Fisheries:
Caught by hand, and occasionally in traps, but of no interest to commercial fisheries.

Thereappears to be little doubt that the larvae described as Phyllamphion belong to the present genus. Should this be confirmed, the correct name of the present species must be Phyllamphion gundlachi (Von Martens, 1878).

Caribbean furry lobster (Palinurellus gundlachi)