Home|Search|Identify|Taxonomic tree|Quiz|About this site|Feedback
Developed by ETI BioInformatics
Characteristics, distribution and ecology
Taxonomische classification
Synonyms and common names
Literature references
Images, audio and video
Links to other Web sites

Status in World Register of Marine Species

Accepted name: Palinurus elephas (Fabricius, 1787)

Scientific synonyms and common names

Palinurus elephas (Fabricius, 1787)

Synonyms:
Astacus elephas Fabricius, 1787, Mantissa Insectorum, 1: 331. Name placed on the Official List of Species Names in Zoology in Opinion 519 (published in 1958).
Cancer elephas Gmelin, 1789
Cancer locusta Wulfen, 1791 (not Cancer locusta Linnaeus, 1758) (= Gammarus locusta ( L. ))
Palinurus quadricornis Fabricius, 1798
Palinurus vulgaris Latreille, 1803
Palinurus locusta Olivier, 1811
Palinurus langusta Rafinesque, 1814 (nom.nud.)
Pagurus maculatus Bowdich, 1825 (not Pagurus maculatus Risso, 1827 ( = Paguristes eremita (L., 1767))
Palinurus marinus Bate, 1868. "(Palinurus) adriaticus, Costa" was cited by Carus (1885: 487) under Palinurus and treated as a good species of that genus. Stephensen (1923: 77) treated "Palinurus adriaticus Costa" as a synonym of P. elephas (which he indicated as P. vulgaris). However, there exists no Palinurus adriaticus Costa, as Costa never described such a species. He did describe Palaemon adriaticus in "Fauna del Regno di Napoli" (Crostacei; Pandalus): 7 in 1844-1847. It is clear that with Palinurus adriaticus Carus really meant Palaemon adriaticus Costa, since he cited textually Costa's diagnosis for that species. It is interesting that Carus (1885: 474) listed Palaemon adriaticus Costa under the species incertae of the genus Palaemon, again with the same diagnosis.

FAO Names:
Common spiny lobster [English]
Langouste rouge [French]
Langosta común [Spanish]

Local Names:
CYPRUS: Astakos
DENMARK: Langust
FRANCE: Langouste, Langouste commune, Langouste europèenne
GERMANY: Languste, Europäische languste, Gemeine languste
GREECE: Astakis
ITALY: Aragosta mediterranea (official name), Aragosta, Aligusta, Arigusta
MALTA: Agusta
MONACO: Lengusta
MOROCCO: Azeffane, Bakhouche, Langouste
NETHERLANDS: Langoest, Hoornkreeft
NORWAY: Langust
PORTUGAL: Lagosta
SPAIN: Langosta, Llagosta
SWEDEN: Langust
TUNISIA: Jarradh el bahr, Jrad bharr, Sid
TURKEY: Bocek, Beudic
UK: Spiny lobster, Crawfish, Red crab, Sea crayfish
YUGOSLAVIA: Jastog

Common spiny lobster (Palinurus elephas)