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Cannon, L.R.G. and Silver, H. 1986. Sea Cucumbers of Northern Australia. Queensland Museum, South Brisbane, Australia, 60 pp.

Clark, A.M. and Rowe, F.W.E. 1971. 'Monograph of shallow water Indo-west Pacific Echinoderms.' (London:British Museum).

Clark, H.L. 1932. Echinoderma other than Asteroidea. Sci. rept. Great Barrier Reef Exped. 4:197-239.

Deichmann, E. 1958. The Holothurioidea collected by the Velero III and IV during the years 1932-1954. Part 2. Aspidochirota. Allan Hancock Pacif. Exped. 11:249-349.

Haacke, W. 1880. Holothurien. In: Möbius: Beiträge zur Meeresfauna der Insel Mauritius un der Seychellen, pp. 46-48, Berlin.

Ludwig, H. 1883. Verzeichniss der Holothurien des Kieler Museums. Ber. Oberhess. Gesellsch. Nat.- u. Heilk. 22:155-176.

Rowe, F.W.E. 1969. A review of the family Holothuriidae (Holothurioidea Aspidochirotida). Bulletin of the British Museum (Natural History) (Zoology) 18: 119-70.

Selenka, E. 1867. Beiträge zur Anatomis un Systematik der Holothurien. Ztschr. fl. wissensch. Zool. 17:291-374.

Semper, C. 1868. Holothurien. In 'Reisen im Archipel der Philippinen. 2. Wissenschaftliche Resultate.' (Wiesbaden: Kreidel).

Holothuria rigida