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Abbott, R. T., 1974. (2 ed.). American seashells. New York, Cincinnati, Toronto, London, Melbourne (van Nostrand Reinhold Co.): 1-663, 6405 figs.

Benson, W. H., 1835c. Description of two new species of Carinaria lately discovered in the Indian Ocean. J. Asiat. Soc. Bengal. 4: 215-216.

Newman, L. J., 1990. Holoplanktonic molluscs (Gastropoda; Thecosomata, Gymnosomata, and Heteropoda) from the waters of Australia and Papua New Guinea: their taxonomy, distribution and biology. PhD Thesis Univ. Qld. Australia. 208 pp.

Rao, T. S. S., 1979. Zoogeography of the Indian Ocean. In: Spoel, S. van der and Pierrot-Bults, A. C. (eds). Zoogeography and diversity in plankton. Utrecht (Bunge Sci. Publ.): 254-292.

Richter, G., 1974. Die Heteropoden der 'Meteor' Expedition in den Indischen Ozean 1964/65. 'Meteor' Forschungserg. (D)17: 55-78, 8 figs, 3 pls.

Sowerby, G. B., 1895. Notes on the genus Carinaria, with an enumeration of the species and the description of a new form. Proc. Malac. Soc. London 1: 14-16, 5 figs.

Starobogatov, J. I., 1971. Ordo Thecosomata; ordo Gymnosomata; ordo Heteropoda. In: Polevoy Zool. Inst. Akad. Moscou. opredeliteli planktona (without page or figure numbers, not bound, mimiographed). [in Russsian]

Tesch, J. J., 1906a. Heteropoda der Siboga expeditie. Siboga Rep. 51: 1-112, 14 pls.

Tesch, J. J., 1949. Heteropoda. Dana Rep. 34: 1-55, 5 pls.

Thiriot-Quievreux, C., 1973a. Observations de la radula des hétéropodes (mollusques, Prosobranchia) au microscope électronique a balayage et interprétation fonctionelle. C. R. Acad. Sci. Paris 276(D): 761-764, 1 pl.

Thiriot-Quievreux, C., 1973b. Heteropoda. In: H. Barnes. Oceanogr. London (G. Allen and Unwin Ltd.). Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 11: 237-261, 11 figs.

Spoel, S. van der, 1972c. Notes on the identification and speciation of Heteropoda (Gastropoda). Zool. Meded. 47: 545-560.

Spoel, S. van der, 1976c. Pseudothecosomata, Gymnosomata and Heteropoda. Bohn, Scheltema & Holkema, Utrecht. 484 pp. 246 figs.

Carinaria cithara cithara