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Ackers, R.G., D. Moss, B.E. Picton and S.M.K. Stone, 1985. Sponges of the British Isles ("Sponge IV"). II. Marine Conservation Soc., Ross on Wye, U.K.: 108-197.

Ackers, R.G.A., D. Moss and B.E. Picton, 1992. Sponges of the British Isles ("Sponge V"), a colour guide and working document. Marine Conservation Society, 175 pp.

Ackers, R.G., 1983. Some local and national distributions of sponges. Porcupine Newsletter, 2 (7): 162-165.

Arndt, W., 1935. Porifera. Tierwelt Nord.-Ostsee, IIIa: 1-140, figs. 1-239.

Bowerbank, J.S., 1864. A monograph of the British Spongiadae.I. Ray Soc., London: i-xx, 1-290, 37 pls.

Bowerbank, J.S., 1866. A monograph of the British Spongiadae, II. Ray Society, London: i-xx, 1-388.

Bowerbank, J.S., 1874. A monograph of the British Spongiadae, III. Ray Society, London: i-xvii, 1-367, pls. I-XCII.

Bowerbank, J.S., 1882. A monograph of the British Spongiadae, IV. Ray Society, London. xvii, 250 pp., 17 pls.

Breton, G., A. Girard and J.P. Lagardère, 1996. Espèces animales benthiques des bassins du port du Havre (Normandie, France) rares, peu connues ou nouvelles pour la région. Bull. trim. Soc. Géol. Normandie et Amis Muséum du Havre, 82 (3): 7-28

Brøndsted, H.V., 1932. Marine Spongia. The Zoology of the Faroes, 1 (1, III): 1-34.

Bruce, J.R., J.S. Colman and N.S. Jones, 1963. Marine fauna of the Isle of Man and its surrounding seas. L.M.B.C. Memoirs, 36. 307 pp. (sponges: 42-47).

Burton, M., 1957. Plymouth Marine Fauna. 3rd ed. Porifera. Mar. Biol. Ass. U.K.: 26-36.

Dybowsky, W., 1880. Studien über die Spongien des russischen Reiches, mit besondern Berücksichtiging der Spongien-Fauna des Baikal Sees. Mém. Acad. St. Petersbourg, (7) 27: 1-71, pls. I-IV.

Esper, J.C., 1791-1794. Die Pflanzenthieren in Abbildungen nach der Natur mit Farben erleuchtet, nebst Beschreibungen, 2: 1-303, pls. 1-109 (sponges: 165-180, 221-282)

Ferrer-Hernandez, F., 1922. Mas datos para el conocimiento de las esponjas de las costas espanolas. Bol. Pescas, 1a (21): 1-26.

Fristedt, K., 1885. Bidrag till kännedomen om de vid sveriges vestra kust lefvande spongiae. K. svensk. Vet.-Akad. Handl., 21 (6): 1-56.

Frith, D.W., 1976. Animals associated with sponges at North Hayling, Hampshire. Zool. J. Linnaean Soc., 58: 353-362.

Hamond, R., 1970. The marine Protozoa, Mesozoa and Porifera of Norfolk. pp. 83-89 (no further data on journal)

Hanitsch, R., 1889. Second report on the Porifera of the L.M.B.C. District. Trans. Biol. Soc. Liverpool, 3: 155-173, pls. V-VII.

Hanitsch, R., 1890. Third report on the Porifera of the L.M.B.C. District. Trans. biol. Soc. Liverpool, 4: 192-238, pls. X-XV.

Hanitsch, R., 1895. Notes on a collection of sponges from the west coast of Portugal. Trans. Liverpool Biol. Soc., 9: 205-219.

Hartman, W.D., 1958a. Natural history of the marine sponges of southern New England. Bull. Peabody Mus. nat. Hist., 12: 1-155.

Hentschel, E., 1929. Die Kiesel-und Hornschwämme des nördlichen Eismeers. Fauna Arctica, 5: 859-1042.

Higgin, T., 1886. Report on the Porifera of the L.M.B.C. District. 1st. Rept.Fauna Liverpool Bay: 72-94.

Hiscock, K., S.M.K. Stone and J.D. George, 1983 (1984). The marine fauna of Lundy. Porifera (Sponges). Rep. Lundy Fld. Soc., 34: 16-35.

Johnston, G., 1842. A history of British sponges and Lithophytes. Lizars, Edinburgh: 1-264, 25 pls.

Jones, W.C., 1984. Spicule dimensions as taxonomic criteria in the identification of Haplosclerid sponges from the shores of Anglesey. Zool. J. Linn. Soc., 80: 239-259.

Kaandorp, J.A., 1991. Modelling growth forms of the sponge Haliclona oculata (Porifera: Demospongiae) using fractal techniques. Mar. Biol., 110: 203-215.

Kaandorp, J.A., 1994. Growth models of sponges using geometric modelling techniques. pp. 235-240. In: R.W.M. van Soest, Th.M.G. van Kempen and J.C. Braekman, eds. Sponges in time and space. Balkema, Rotterdam, xviii + 515 pp.

Koltun, V.M., 1959. [The Cornacuspongida of the northern and far-eastern seas of the USSR. Keys to the fauna of the USSR]. Akademia Nauk, Moscow, Leningrad, 236 pp., XLII pls.

Könnecker, G., 1973. Littoral and benthic investigations on the west coast of Ireland-I. (Section A: Faunistic and ecological studies). The sponge fauna of Kilkieran Bay and adjacent waters. Proc. roy. Irish Acad., 73 (B): 451-472.

Lendenfeld, R. von, 1887. Die Chalineen des Australischen Gebietes. Zool. Jahrb., 2: 723-828.

Lévi, C. and J. Vacelet, 1958. Éponges récoltées dans l'Atlantique oriental par le "Président Théodore Tissier" (1955-56). Rev. Trav. Inst. Pêch. marit., 22 (2): 225-246.

Linnaeus, C. von, 1767. Systema naturae. Holmiae, Laur. Sal.,vii, 12th ed., 1 (2): 533-1327 (sponges: 1293-1300).

Lundbeck, W., 1902. Porifera. Part I. Homorrhaphidae and Heterorrhaphidae. Danish Ingolf Exped., 6: 1-108.

Maitland, R.T. 1897. Prodrome de la fauna des Pays Bas et de la Belgique flamande. Brill, Leiden. 62 pp.

McIntosh, W.C., 1874. On the invertebrate marine fauna and fishes of St. Andrews. Ann. Mag. nat. Hist., (4) 13: 140-145.

(text repeated in: McIntosh, W.C., 1875. The marine invertebrates and fishes of St Andrews. Black, Edinburgh: pp.12-17)

Montagu, G., 1818. An essay on sponges, with descriptions of all the species that have been discovered on the coast of Great Britain. Mem. Werner nat. Hist. Soc., 2 (1): 67-122, pls. III-XVI.

Pallas, P.S., 1766. Elenchus zoophytorum. Hagae, 357 pp.

Schmidt, O., 1870. Grundzüge einer Spongien-Fauna des Atlantischen Gebietes. Engelmann, Leipzig: iv+88 pp., VI pls.

Soest, R.W.M. van, J.D. Guiterman and M. Sayer, 1981. Sponges from Roaringwater Bay and Lough Ine. J. Sherkin Isl., 1 (2): 35-49.

Soest, R.W.M. van, 1977. Marine and freshwater sponges (Porifera) of the Netherlands. Zool. Meded. Leiden, 50 (16): 261-273.

Soest, R.W.M. van, 1977a. Sponzen. Natura, 74 (5): S28-S31.

Soest, R.W.M. van, 1983. Sponzenonderzoek in Nederland. Het Zeepaard, 43 (2): 28-33.

Stephens, J., 1912. Marine Porifera of the Clare Island Survey. Proc. roy. Irish Acad., 31 (59): 1-41.

Stephens, J., 1921. Sponges of the coast of Ireland. II.-The Tetraxonida (Concluded). Fisheries Ireland, Sci. Investigations, 1920, II [1921]: 1-75.

Templeton, R., 1836. A catalogue of the species of rayed animals found in Ireland, as selected from the papers of the late J. Templeton, Esq., of Cranmore, with notices of localities, and with some descriptions and illustrations (continued from p. 422, and concluded). Radiata. Mag. Nat. Hist., IX: 466-467

Topsent, E., 1890. Éponges de la Manche. Mém. Soc. zool. France, 3 (1): 195-205.

Topsent, E., 1891a. Essai sur la faune de spongiaires de Roscoff. Arch. Zool. expér. gén., (2) 9: 523-554.

Topsent, E., 1894b. Étude sur la faune des spongiaires du Pas-de-Calais, suivie d'une application de la nomenclature actuelle à la monographie de Bowerbank. Rev. Biol. Nord France, 7: 6-29.

Topsent, E., 1899. Documents sur la faune des Spongiaires des côtes de Belgique. Arch. Biol., 16: 105-115.

Topsent, E., 1928. Spongiaires de l'Atlantique et de la Méditerranée provenant des croisières de Prince Albert 1er de Monaco. Rés. Camp. sci. Prince Albert Monaco, 74: 1-376, pls. 1-11.

Wapstra, M. and R.W.M. van Soest, 1987. Sexual reproduction, larval morphology and behaviour in Demosponges from the southwest of the Netherlands: 281-307. In: J. Vacelet and N. Boury-Esnault, eds. Taxonomy of Porifera. Springer Verlag, Berlin, Heidelberg. NATO-ASI Series, G13: 1-332.

Weerdt, W.H. de, 1983. De geweispons en haar familieleden. Het Zeepaard, 43 (2): 38-48.

Weerdt, W.H. de, 1986. A systematic revision of the North-Eastern Atlantic shallow-water Haplosclerida (Porifera, Demospongiae), Part II: Chalinidae. Beaufortia, 36 (6): 49-135.

Weerdt, W.H. de, 1987. The marine shallow-water Chalinidae (Haplosclerida, Porifera) of the British Isles: 74-108. In: W. C. Jones (ed.), European contributions to the taxonomy of sponges. Publ. Sherkin Isl. Marine Station, 1: 140 pp.

de Weerdt, W.H. 2000. A monograph of the shallow-water Chalinidae (Porifera, Haplosclerida) of the Caribbean. Beaufortia 50 (1): 1-67.

Weinberg, S., 1994. Découvrir l'Atlantique, la Manche et la Mer du Nord. Nathan Nature, Paris: 1-383.

Haliclona oculata